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60 Pottstown Pike Chester Springs, PA 19425

Understanding Gum Disease

Gum or periodontal disease comprises infections and inflammation of the gums and bone surrounding the teeth. Dr. Jason Petkevis, in Chester Springs, PA, aims to educate patients about this common but preventable condition. By understanding gum disease, you can take proactive steps to maintain oral health.

By understanding gum disease, you can take proactive steps to maintain oral health and prevent further complications.

Causes of Gum Disease

Poor oral hygiene stands as the primary cause of gum disease. The accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, on the teeth leads to inflammation. Neglecting regular brushing and flossing allows plaque to harden into tartar, exacerbating gum issues. Smoking and tobacco use also significantly contribute to gum disease. Genetic predisposition plays a role in the susceptibility to disease. You might have a higher risk if disease runs in your family,

Signs and Symptoms

Recognizing the early signs and symptoms of gum disease enables timely intervention. Dr. Jason Petkevis and his team emphasize the importance of regular dental check-ups to detect these symptoms early:

  • Swollen, Red, or Bleeding Gums
  • Receding Gums
  • Persistent Bad Breath
  • Loose Teeth 

Prevention of Gum Disease

Maintaining proper oral hygiene stands as the first line of defense against disease. Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. Floss daily to remove food particles and plaque between teeth. Regular use of an antimicrobial mouthwash can also reduce bacterial growth.  

Regular dental check-ups allow for early detection and management of gum disease. Professional cleanings remove tartar that regular brushing and flossing cannot. 

A balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals supports gum health. Foods high in vitamin C and antioxidants could help reduce inflammation. Avoiding tobacco products and limiting sugary foods and drinks also play a significant role in preventing disease.

Treatment Options

Professional dental cleanings aim to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line. Regular cleanings could reverse gingivitis and prevent its progression to more severe forms of gum disease.  

Scaling and root planing, a deep cleaning procedure, involves removing tartar above and below the gum line and smoothing rough spots on the tooth root. This procedure often helps gum tissue reattach to the teeth and reduces pockets where bacteria thrive.  

Antibiotics, which can be topical gels, mouth rinses, or oral medications, may be used in conjunction with other treatments to control bacterial infection.

Surgery for Advanced Cases

Surgery may become necessary for advanced cases of disease. Procedures such as flap surgery or bone and tissue grafts could help restore supportive structures. Dr. Petkevis will discuss all surgical options and their benefits. 

Understanding, preventing, and treating gum disease requires a proactive approach. Dental Distinction in Chester Springs, PA, stands ready to assist you in maintaining optimal oral health. Regular check-ups and proper oral hygiene practices can make a significant difference in preventing this common condition. Schedule an appointment today to ensure the health of your gums and teeth.