What You Should Know About Teeth Grinding

TMJ Therapy, Chester Springs, PAOne of the most common culprits behind frequent headaches or worn or broken teeth is teeth grinding. This condition, clinically referred to as bruxism, can happen both during the day and during sleep and can negatively impact quality of life and put your oral health at risk. Dentists like Dr. Jason Petkevis in Chester Springs, PA can easily identify and help you manage teeth grinding.

Why Do I Grind My Teeth?

People who grind or clench their teeth often have an issue with the bite. The “bite” is how dentists refer to the alignment of your teeth. People with bruxism often have uneven bites, such as an overbite or underbite.

Bruxism is also commonly associated with stress, whether from environmental factors in your life or stress inside the mouth and jaw from a dental problem. The teeth and jaw work using an intricate system of muscles in the mouth and neck, and when this system doesn’t work properly, it results in tension. This tension can lead to headaches, teeth grinding, and face and neck pain.

Signs of Teeth Grinding

Dentists can usually easily identify signs of teeth grinding, such as:

  • Worn or dull teeth, especially chips or flat spots
  • Frequent headaches
  • Cuts or sores on the inside cheek
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Jaw pain

How to Stop Teeth Grinding

Reducing your stress levels may help you stop grinding your teeth, but if that stress is out of your control as the result of a dental problem, you’ll need other ways to help stop teeth grinding. Often, a combination of stress reduction and occlusal appliances are used to treat bruxism.

There are a few different kinds of occlusal appliances. You might be familiar with night guards, which are custom-fitted to the patient’s mouth to fit over the top or bottom teeth to stop nighttime teeth grinding.

Another type of occlusal appliance are mandibular advancement devices, which bring the jaw forward when the dentist suspects a sleep disorder as the cause of the problem. You may be familiar with these as “snore guards,” which can reduce snoring by aligning the jaw during sleep to help with sleep apnea.

Bruxism Treatment in Chester Springs, PA

Teeth grinding can damage teeth and keep you from living a pain-free life, so it’s important to seek treatment if you grind your teeth. Dental Distinction is a full-service dental office that can help you put an end to bruxism and keep your teeth and mouth healthy. Schedule an appointment online or call 610.400.1459 today.

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10 Tips for a Healthy Smile

With all the health advice available today, it’s hard to know what’s actually important to your oral health. Dr. Jason Petkevis and his team at Dental Distinction in Chester Springs, PA want you to know the top 10 dental care tips so you can keep your mouth and body healthy for years to come.

1. Use toothpaste with fluoride

Fluoride helps strengthen the teeth and may help reverse early signs of tooth decay. It’s an important ingredient in toothpaste to strengthen weakened spots in enamel and prevent cavities.

2. Brush your teeth every day

There’s a reason you hear this advice all the time. Brushing your teeth is the single most important way to prevent tooth decay. Brushing removes leftover food particles and oral bacteria, which when left on the teeth causes cavities, tooth decay, and gum disease.

3. See your dentist twice a year

Even the best oral hygiene regimen still needs to include seeing your dentist regularly. Your dentist can spot early signs of tooth decay or gum disease, helping you avoid painful or complicated dental procedures. Annual X-rays will examine the jaw to ensure teeth are firmly in place.

4. Flossing is as important as brushing

We know if you haven’t been flossing! Flossing is important because it removes bacteria and plaque from between teeth that your toothbrush can’t reach. Tooth decay often starts between teeth because these places are cleaned less often. 

5. Limit sugar intake, including sugary drinks

Sugar contributes to tooth decay because it feeds the bacteria that live in our mouths. Bacteria feed off of the leftover food particles on the teeth, and if the food contains a high sugar content, bacteria can multiply even faster. Reducing the amount of sugar in your diet will help keep oral bacteria at bay.

6. Maintain a healthy diet

Teeth need nutrients, too. A healthy diet filled with fresh vegetables and food that requires a lot of chewing is good for saliva production. More saliva means the mouth is naturally washed out more often, helping prevent plaque from forming.

7. Stay hydrated

Your body needs water to produce saliva, which naturally washes out the mouth and helps prevent tooth decay. This helps prevent excess plaque build-up.

8. Take care of your toothbrush

Your toothbrush doesn’t need any special cleaning, but make sure it dries after each use and there is no leftover toothpaste. Store it upright and exposed to air and your toothbrush will be good to go!

9. Don’t chew on hard items

This may go without saying, but try not to bite down on hard candies or even non-food items like pen caps or fingernails. This can damage teeth.

10. Don’t forget your tongue

Your tongue shouldn’t have a white or yellow appearance. When you brush your teeth, don’t forget to brush your tongue or use a tongue scraper to remove foul-smelling bacteria that can cause bad breath.

Our Dental Distinction team is here to help you maintain your oral health. Schedule an appointment today to keep your smile healthy!

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Are Dental Implants Safe?

The installation of dental implants is a surgery, and as with any surgery there are inherent risks. Dentists have been placing dental implants for decades now, and the technology has advanced greatly. Today’s dental implants are now very sophisticated prosthetics designed and placed by highly trained professionals like Dr Jason Petkevis of Dental Distinction in Chester Springs, PA. As of right now, dental implants are one of the most durable, reliable and naturally functional ways a dentist can offer to their patients to replace missing teeth.

Benefits Of Dental Implants

Dental implants discreetly replace missing, damaged, or infected teeth, allowing patients to eat, speak and smile with confidence and in comfort. Implants are renowned for their durability and will usually last a lifetime,often with only minimal adjustments or none at all. Because they are rooted into the jawbone using a titanium screw, implants remain stable while also promoting the growth of new, healthy bone tissue as natural roots of teeth do.

Risks Of Dental Implants

There are risks and possible complications that can occur with implants as with any surgery. However, problems with a dental implant are rarely seen, usually minor and easily repaired.  Risks include:

  • Infection of the site
  • Damage to teeth, blood vessels, or nerves in the surgical area
  • Implant rejection
  • Sinus problems
  • Material of replacement tooth and potential allergies (usually made of titanium or zirconia)

Working with an experienced and professional dentist like Dr. Petkevis means that your implant procedure has a much smaller risk of issues.

Some patients that have been missing teeth for some time may have lost bone tissue to deterioration with the roots of teeth present. For these patients, bone graft surgeries may be a necessity to make the jawbone tissue once again stable enough to support an implant. In a bone graft surgery, bone is harvested from other areas of the body and implanted on the jaw bone where it will eventually fuse with the existing bone, strengthening it to hold an implant. Because these are additional surgeries they come with their own risks and complications such as risk of infection, more discomfort and more time needed to recuperate.

The Success Rate Of Dental Implants

Dental implants generally have a hearty success rate of about 95%, although this rate can vary depending on the patient, the dentist, the number of implants needed, the methods used, and other factors.

However, when you choose a dentist experienced with the procedure of installing dental implants like Dr. Petkevis they are inherently safe. 

Dental Implants in Chester Springs, PA

If you have lost teeth or have teeth that cannot be saved, implants may the solution to restore the appearance and function of your smile. For patients in the Chester Springs area, please call 610.400.1459 or contact us online to schedule a consultation with Dr. Petkevis at Dental Distinction to learn more!

Posted in: Dental Implants Chester Springs

What Should I Expect at the Dentist?

If you’re not experiencing a problem with your oral health, you might be tempted to skip your dental check-ups. Most dentists recommend a check-up every six months, and there are several reasons why you shouldn’t miss these appointments. Keeping regular appointments with Dr. Jason Petkevis will keep your smile healthy for a lifetime.

What To Expect At A Regular Dental Visit

A regular dental visit has two parts: a professional cleaning by a hygienist and a full-mouth examination by a dentist. Usually the cleaning is performed first, but if are due for your annual X-rays, those will be taken before the dentist comes to examine your mouth.

The visit gives the dentist the opportunity to check for cavities, ensure teeth are rooted properly, and to identify and prevent small issues from becoming major problems. Even a good at-home oral hygiene regimen that includes brushing and flossing every day needs to be supplemented by a professional cleaning and exam.

Why Are Professional Teeth Cleanings Necessary?

Brushing and flossing at home are the most important parts of your oral health, so why is it important to get professional cleanings?

Over time, even with excellent oral hygiene, plaque and tartar build up on teeth and require special tools to be removed. Plaque is a sticky layer of bacteria that builds up as oral bacteria break down sugars from leftover food particles in our mouths. Even though brushing and flossing remove a lot of plaque, it’s still difficult to get it all, and over time it builds up to form a hard layer on the teeth called tartar. Tartar cannot be removed with floss or a toothbrush, and is the first stage of tooth decay.

During a cleaning, your hygienist uses special tools to remove tartar and can offer you insight on areas where you might need to take extra care such as behind the teeth or in between the molars. They will also use a professional-grade toothpaste to brush your teeth and floss to make sure there is no plaque buildup.

Prevent Tooth Decay With Regular Dental Checkups

Tooth decay affects everyone and if left untreated, can lead to serious health problems such as tooth loss, abscesses, and other systemic health problems. Many people with tooth decay don’t know they have it until it’s a big problem. Your dentist will spot any problems before they become major, saving you money and discomfort by treating them early. Small cavities are much easier to treat than abscesses!

Schedule an Appointment with Dental Distinction

Scheduling and keeping checkups with your dentist is essential to maintaining good oral health and will help you avoid potentially uncomfortable and expensive procedures. If you need a checkup, call 610.400.1459 or schedule your appointment online.

Posted in: Chester Springs Family Dentist, Dentist Office Chester Springs

How Can Crooked Teeth Be Fixed?

How Can Crooked Teeth Be Fixed?If you are self-conscious about showing your teeth in photos or when you smile, you might have considered cosmetic dentistry, but thought that metal braces were the only way to correct the problem. Thanks to modern dental technology, there are several cosmetic dentistry treatments available to straighten crooked teeth and close gaps between them. Cosmetic dentists like Dr. Jason Petkevis offer a variety of treatments like dental veneers, invisible braces, and dental bonding.


Porcelain dental veneers are thin, porcelain coverings that are affixed directly onto existing teeth. Veneers can be shaped to give the appearance of straighter, whiter teeth, and can even be positioned to close gaps between teeth. If teeth only have minor misalignments, veneers might be a better treatment than invisible braces, but your dentist will consult with you to determine which treatment is best. Veneers are resistant to stains and can last more than 20 years with proper care.

Invisible Braces

Invisible braces are a common method of straightening teeth in teens and adults. Yes, even adults can benefit from invisible braces! Clear aligners are custom-fitted to your teeth and are a comfortable and discreet way to align teeth over a period of six months to 2 years.

The aligners are designed to be worn around 22 hours out of the day and can be easily removed for cleaning, brushing teeth, and eating. No one will be able to tell you are wearing them. Your cosmetic dentist will give you a specific treatment plan and let you know when it is time to change aligners. Invisible braces can also help fix your bite alignment, but your dentist will determine the best choice for your needs, goals, and budget.

Dental Bonding

Dental bonding is a painless means of correcting uneven or crooked teeth.  Your dentist applies a composite resin to the front surface of the problem tooth or teeth.  Bonding, also referred to as cosmetic bonding, is the ideal for closing those annoying gaps between teeth, reshaping teeth and even lightening dark or yellowed teeth.

Although it may be surprising, cosmetic bonding is a minimally invasive procedure.  There is no need for needles or anesthesia. Cosmetic bonding can be applied in a single office visit.  Cosmetic bonding produces natural-looking results, letting you feel free to once again smile as much and as wide as you want to smile.

Cosmetic Dentistry in Chester Springs, PA

You don’t need to be unhappy with your smile when a cosmetic dentist can bring out the best it. A cosmetic dentist can correct alignment issues, crooked teeth and more. If you want to enhance your smile, then give Dr. Petkevis in Chester Springs, PA a call at 610.400.1459 or contact us online. And be on your way to a healthier and brighter smile today!

Posted in: Chester Springs Dentist, cosmetic dentist philadelphia

Top 6 Reasons to Floss Every Day

why is flossing importantWe get it — no one likes flossing their teeth. It’s an often-overlooked step in an oral health routine, and it’s sometimes difficult to do correctly or comfortably. Yet flossing every day is critical to preventing serious tooth decay and health conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and heart problems.

There are many reasons why dentists urge their patients to floss every day. Dr. Jason Petkevis of Dental Distinction in Chester Springs, PA wants you to know the top 6 reasons why you should floss every day.

1. Brushing alone only gets 60% of the plaque off of your teeth

Around 40% of the plaque that needs to be removed from teeth is hidden between teeth in places a toothbrush can’t reach. While brushing is important to your oral health as well, nearly half of the plaque can’t be reached by brushing alone! Flossing, or some form of interdental cleaning such as an oral irrigator, is the only way to reach in between the teeth.

2. It prevents bad breath

When bacteria builds up between and around teeth, the acids they produce cause bad breath. Removing this bacteria and the food particles they feed on will limit this process and prevent bad breath, not to mention preserve gum health.

3. Flossing removes cavity-causing bacteria from hard-to-reach places

Over 500 different bacteria species live in the mouth, and when they feed on leftover food particles between the teeth, they can cause cavities. Since brushing cannot reach between the teeth, flossing is the only way to prevent cavities in this area.

4. It reduces your risk of gum disease

In addition to cavities, bacteria can cause gum disease. What starts out as a little bleeding when you brush your teeth can quickly turn into severe decay without you noticing other symptoms. Regularly removing the plaque that causes gum disease will keep it from progressing into a serious condition.

5. Gum disease is directly linked to serious health problems

New studies are finding links between Alzheimer’s disease and gum disease, and it’s already well established that gum disease is linked to cardiovascular problems. When it comes to gum disease, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, and brushing and flossing are the best way to prevent gum disease.

6. Flossing saves you money in the long run

Flossing helps save you money by preventing gum disease, cavities, and bad breath, which might otherwise require complex dental procedures to treat. The easiest, cheapest way to prevent oral health problems is with some dental floss, a toothbrush, and toothpaste.

Expert Dental Care in Chester Springs, PA

Dr. Petkevis is an experienced dentist in Chester Springs who offers patients affordable, compassionate dental care in a professional and welcoming environment. To schedule an appointment with our office, call 610.400.1459 or request your appointment online today!

Posted in: Chester Springs Dentist, oral hygiene

We Can Help You Stop Snoring

If your partner has ever told you that you snore when you sleep, you might have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This is a serious medical condition that can negatively affect your health. The most common treatment for sleep apnea is CPAP therapy, but Dr. Jason Petkevis of Dental Distinction in Chester Springs, PA offers an alternative treatment to help you have more restful sleep without a CPAP machine.

Q: What causes sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea is associated with obesity or being overweight. As the muscles relax during sleep, extra tissues can obstruct the airway, restricting oxygen flow to the rest of the body. It’s not uncommon for the sleeper to wake up several hundred times per night gasping for air or to feel tired during the day and have problems with memory and concentration. If left untreated, sleep apnea can cause cardiovascular problems and other diseases.

Q: I thought the only option for sleep apnea was CPAP therapy. What treatment can my dentist offer?

Dr. Petkevis offers an oral appliance for you to wear while you sleep, and it keeps the airway open as the muscles relax. The oral appliance is custom-fitted to the patient’s mouth to keep the airway open by repositioning the lower jaw, moving it forward to keep soft tissue from collapsing over the airway. Instead of constant airflow like the CPAP, the oral appliance is a less invasive method of keeping the airway open. It’s also sturdy enough to withstand teeth grinding, so if you grind your teeth at night, you can still use it.

Q: How comfortable is a sleep apnea oral appliance?

Dr. Petkevis will meet with you for an individual consultation to examine the mouth and design the mouthpiece for you. It does reposition the jaw while you sleep, but since it’s custom-fitted to your mouth, it will fit comfortably with minimal disruption to sleep. Most patients report a reduction in snoring while using the appliance.

Q: Do I have to see a dentist to get it?

What makes an oral device comfortable and effective is how well it’s fitted to the individual patient’s mouth. Dr. Petkevis will meet with you to discuss your needs, gather precise measurements and your mouth’s specific details, and will work with you to make sure the device is as comfortable as possible. The last thing we want is for you to stop snoring but wake up with a sore jaw!

Our caring staff at Dental Distinction in Chester Springs, PA wants to help you get better sleep. Call 610.400.1459 or schedule an appointment online today.

Posted in: OSA treatment, sleep apnea therapy philadelphia

How to Handle Common Dental Emergencies

Accidents can happen, and knowing what to do when a dental injury occurs can mean the difference between saving and losing a tooth. Dental injuries are a part of today’s active, fast-paced world. Auto accidents, falls, and a variety of contact sports, such as football, hockey, soccer, volleyball, basketball, and baseball all have the potential to injure us in many ways — including damaging our teeth. Teeth can easily be chipped, broken or knocked loose when we’re physically active. Even just eating a hard or sticky food can chip, crack or break a tooth.  Most hospitals hire on-staff oral surgeons who can deal with such issues as fractures of the upper or lower jaw, emergency dental extractions (removing damaged teeth) and reconstruction of the dental arches.

TMJ Therapy, Chester Springs, PA

What Is Considered a Dental Emergency?

Wear and tear from chewing or biting down on hard objects, such as pencils, pens, ice cubes, nuts, and hard candies, can fracture teeth — especially when the tooth already has damage from tooth decay. Dental injuries without associated head and neck trauma can usually be evaluated and treated b a dentist such as Dr. Jason Petkevis at Dental Distinction. Dental injuries commonly treated at our Chester Springs PA office include broken or fractured teeth, and teeth that have been knocked out or knocked loose. Sometimes these injuries include swelling of the adjacent gum and oral tissue. Cold packs or a bag of ice cubes placed inside the mouth or outside on the cheeks or lips near the damaged area can reduce pain and swelling while the patient is en route to the dentist for treatment.

What to Do in a Dental Emergency

Here are some tips to help you deal with common dental emergencies:

  • When a permanent or adult tooth has been knocked out, keep the displaced tooth moist at all times. Gently place the tooth back in the socket without touching the root — a surefire way to an infection. If that is not possible, place the tooth between your cheek and gums in milk to protect it from germs and from drying out. Then, see Dr. Petkevis or your local dentist right away.
  • For a cracked tooth, rinse the mouth with warm water to clean the area immediately. Press cold compresses to the face to keep any swelling down. See your dentist as soon as possible.
  • If you bite your tongue or lip, clean the area gently with water and apply a cold compress.
  • In cases of toothache, rinse the mouth with warm water or even warm salt water to clean it out. Use dental floss to gently free any food caught between the teeth. Do not rub aspirin on the aching tooth or gum tissues.

When you have a dental emergency, it’s important to visit Dr. Petkevis, your local dentist or an emergency room as soon as possible.

Here are some simple steps you can take to avoid accidents and injuries to your teeth:   

  • Wear a mouthguard when participating in active sports or recreational activities.
  • Avoid biting down on hard foods that can crack teeth such as ice, popcorn kernels and hard candy.
  • Use scissors and NEVER use your teeth to cut or tear open things.

Most dentists set aside time in their daily schedules for emergencies. Make sure to provide as much information as possible about your condition and its’ cause.

Emergency Dentist in Chester Springs, PA

For more information on dental first aid or to schedule an examination in the Chester Springs PA area call 610.400.1459 to see Dr. Petkevis.

Posted in: Chester Springs Dentist, Damaged Teeth

Do I Have TMJ?

Do I have a TMJ Disorder?Do you wake up with a sore jaw, grind your teeth, experience persistent headaches, or feel tension in your jaw? You might be suffering from a TMJ disorder. Dentists like Dr. Jason Petkevis of Chester Springs, PA can diagnose and treat problems with the jaw to give you relief from your jaw pain and its related discomfort.

What is TMJ?

TMJ, or temporomandibular joints, refers to more than jaw pain. TMJ is actually the name of the joints in the jaw that make it possible to open and close your mouth. These joints are located on either side of your skull and work together with muscles and ligaments attached to the jaw bone to enable you to chew, swallow, and speak. They also control the mandible, which is the lower part of the jaw that moves forward, backward, and side-to-side.

There is a disc between the ball and socket of each TMJ. This disc helps the jaw open wide, rotate, and glide smoothly. A problem with this intricate system of muscles and joints is referred to a TMJ disorder, with several possible causes and symptoms. Dr. Petkevis can help alleviate the discomfort and dental issues caused by TMJ disorders.

What Causes TMJ Problems?

Possible causes of TMJ disorders include:

  • Alignment of jaw and teeth
  • Teeth grinding due to stress
  • Injury
  • Arthritis
  • Dislocation

Diagnosis and Treatment of TMJ Disorders

Your dentist will need to examine your jaw and oral health before determining the best treatment. A typical exam includes checking muscles and joints of the jaw for clicking, popping, tenderness, or difficulty of motion.

There are several ways to treat TMJ disorders, some of which you can do at home before extensive treatment is needed. These at-home remedies may help alleviate discomfort, but you should always see your dentist to keep the problem under control.

  • Eat softer foods
  • Avoid chewing gum and nail biting
  • Practicing relaxation techniques to alleviate tension in the jaw
  • Applying heat to the painful area

Dr. Petkevis may also recommend additional treatments for more severe TMJ disorders, such as:

  • Muscle relaxants, analgesics, or anti-inflammatory medications
  • Exercises to strengthen your jaw muscles
  • Mouth guard or bite plate to reduce teeth grinding

TMJ Treatment in Chester Springs, PA

There are other treatments available for more serious TMJ problems, but Dr. Petkevis will perform an individual consultation with you to determine the best course of action for your specific situation. To schedule with Dr. Petkevis, call 610.400.1459 or request an appointment online.

Posted in: Chester Springs TMJ Therapy

How to Clean Your Toothbrush

At Dental Distinction, we know all about comprehensive dentistry. That’s why we want to make sure everything about your oral health is taken care of, including the tools you use, such as your toothbrush. Your toothbrush spends four minutes a day in your mouth, so it’s important to care and store it properly, and know when to retire it. These do’s and don’ts of toothbrush care will keep your smile healthy.


Rinse your toothbrush with water after using it to make sure there’s no leftover toothpaste on it. Keeping it clean will reduce the amount of bacteria still on it so you don’t reintroduce it the next time you brush your teeth.

Store it upright and open to air. Don’t store it in a closed container as this is where bacteria thrive. Allowing it to air dry keeps mildew and excess bacteria from forming. Some bacteria die when exposed to air.

Replace the toothbrush every 3-4 months, or at the absolute latest, every six months when you see us for a regular cleaning. Replace sooner if you notice fraying, bending, or missing bristles.


Don’t share your toothbrush with anyone else. Even after rinsing, some bacteria still remain on the toothbrush, and sharing it with someone else may introduce bacteria that makes them sick.

Don’t sanitize your toothbrush in any sanitizing agents like mouthwash or hand sanitizer. This is unnecessary and may even pose a health risk to you. Rinsing after use and allowing it to air dry is sufficient to keep your toothbrush clean.

Don’t store it in a closed container, like a travel case or medicine cabinet. Bacteria love dark, enclosed spaces, and will replicate quickly in these environments. Keeping it upright and exposed to plenty of air will keep bacteria at bay.

That being said, don’t store your toothbrush next to or on the toilet. Germs can go airborne after flushing and stick to nearby surfaces, and you don’t want it to be your toothbrush. Try to store it a few feet away from the toilet in a place where it can still air dry.

Toothbrushes are easy to keep clean and don’t require any special care. Rinsing and air drying after each use are enough to keep your toothbrush in good condition. Just remember when to retire it — at the very least, switch them out after every professional cleaning!

Posted in: Chester Springs Family Dentist, oral hygiene