Sore and bleeding gums are quite common, but they can actually indicate a rather serious health problem in some cases. You can have sore and bleeding gums if you have not brushed your teeth in long time, but under normal circumstances your gums should bleed or feel sore. These symptoms are a common indicator of gum disease, which actually affects roughly 75% of people in America.
Gum disease is a common dental problem that is caused by bacteria and tartar left behind on the teeth and gums. The bacteria that is left behind can cause the gums to get inflamed and damage the teeth and gums. The early stages of gum disease is also called gingivitis and it can cause the gums to be red, swollen and sore and they may also bleed if the teeth are brushed and flossed. If it is caught early, it can be treated by a dentist with a thorough mouth cleaning and regular brushing and flossing.
When gingivitis continues to grow, it eventually becomes periodontal disease. Periodontal gum disease is a more advanced from of gum disease the can cause damage to the teeth and bones in and around the mouth. The symptoms of of periodontal gum disease can include bad breath, blood and pus oozing from the gums, loose teeth, and even a shift in how the teeth fit. If the disease has progressed this far, then only a dentist can resolve the issue. Oral surgery may be necessary depending on the severity of the disease and at the very least they may do some root planing and scaling to remove all of the excess plaque and bacteria. Sometimes the dentist will also prescribe antibiotics to follow up after the procedure.
Gum disease is a completely preventable disease. It can be prevented by regularly brushing and flossing the teeth. Dentists recommend that people use mouth wash after they have brushed and purchase tooth paste that contains fluoride. Regular visits to the dentist will also prevent the illness because they will clean the mouth thoroughly and prevent these problems from occurring in the first place.